Saturday, December 20, 2014

Looking Forward As Winter Break Begins

By Nick Ouellette

Hello everyone, this week on the blog I wanted to take a step back and relax a little bit. As you may know, or even if you may not know this past week marked the end of the fall 2014 semester for myself in the graduate program. The reviews were completed, the grades were given, and the time to relax and prepare myself for the next semester has begun. Although I will admit I am not completely out of the woods because I still have to work for my Graduate Assistant position over break [which I may or may not get into at a later blog date, it has yet to be determined] and there is a lot of prep work that I would like to focus on to better prepare myself for what is about to happen in the next two semesters regarding my thesis and that is what I wanted to talk about today.
There is so much work that must be done for a project of this magnitude and I will admit that I am only beginning to grasp it and really understand what my life will soon involve. The amount of work that was completed this past fall semester started to dive into this with assignments revolving around the creation of an abstract statement, literature reviews and background information, and case study analyses of various forms of architecture and concepts that would potentially influence the decisions that I make as I develop this residential project. Now these assignments that I completed were very rough in general and were often regarded as ‘works in progress’ to quote my professor but as the winter break goes on I am looking to develop these writings and ideas more into something complete and worthy of the work that is expected out of a thesis study. To give an example of this is that when I worked through the case study research for my thesis topic I began looking into two very specific pieces of architecture. The first was Habitat 67 located in Montreal, Canada and the second was The Stack located in Manhattan, New York. For the analysis of both of these pieces I wrote about the concepts behind each of the buildings, some information on how they were constructed, and a few key points from each of them that I would like to try to implement into my own design.
With the time I have over break when I am not working on my GA work, I would like to go more in-depth with the analysis of not only these two pieces of architecture but a few others and really start to pull from and begin to establish connections with that I can fold into my own design. The case study research I want to dive into more over break also involves other aspects of the building that are not limited to aesthetics or egress but how I can start to look at engineering or structural concepts and start to come up with ideas for creating this massive prefabricated structure and how it all links together into one system on this site in Seattle.

There are other aspects of this thesis project that I would like to start to look into as well over break such as reading material. With the help of my thesis chair, I already have a number of books and other reading material that I currently own or will be purchasing soon that I will hope to begin reading and thinking through and will help further my knowledge about this subject so that I can get a good grasp on the project before the spring semester starts and we actually begin designing the space. This brings me to my final statement about this break. At this stage in the project I feel as though it is too early to begin designing and laying out spaces but there are a number of concept models and overall massing designs that I have been developing in my head since I took hold of this project back in the summer that I hope to build over break at a small scale. Even if these models are a waste of time [which I don’t think they will be but I could be wrong] I feel as though it is important for me to keep my mind open to all options no matter how strange they may be because those early studies may have huge influences on the final design that I present at the end of the summer next year. Hopefully the next blog post I can show a few images of these models and give you all an update as to where I am at this point and what I was thinking as I developed them. See you then and have a lovely holiday season everyone. 

Centre for Energy Studies CES (Zero energy house)

By Sabin Chakradhar
 CES building also known as the Zero energy house is the first and only building in Nepal to attempt for the net-zero energy status. It is one of the academic blocks located within the college premises of Institute Of Engineering. This building was built on 2002 and due to lack of proper maintenance; the building is not able to perform as a complete net zero energy building. But the technologies used in the building are the result of the careful study and researches based on the location of the site.
Some of the technologies used in the building include:
·         Building Energy Management System.
·         Building Integrated Photovoltaic Electric System.
·         Earth Air Tunneling.
·         Vacuum Solar Hot Water System.
·         Wireless Network which ensures low power consumption.
·         And other Passive Solar Technologies (Cavity wall with insulation, solar spaces, atrium, etc.)

Solar PV system of 6.5 kW is the main source of energy in the CES. 100 number of Solar PV modules each of 65 watt are kept as a roof on the main entrance of the building. The slope of the panel is 30 deg North-South. With the sunshine hours of 4.15 peak sun a day, it generates electricity of 27 kWh in a day. The electricity generated is stored in battery banks kept at the basement of the building. There are 120 heavy duty batteries, each with the capacity of 2 Volt 468 AH, connected in series producing 240 Volts combined. Two of such battery banks are connected in parallel. An inverter controlled by automatic software continuously monitors the whole process of the generation of electricity from solar panel, then storing in batteries and connection to the grid. The inverter also supplies the excess power generated to the campus grid. The removal of batteries further ensures the environmental friendliness of the system.
The concept of the Earth Air Tunneling (EAT) for air conditioning spaces in winter as well as in summer has been materialized in the building. The conference room and class room of the building are air conditioned with EAT. It takes in ambient air from a 70m long tunnel made of hume pipe 4m (0.5m dia.) deep down from the earth surface. Inside the tunnel, the air exchanges heat with the surrounding. At 4m depth from the soil surface, the temperature is about 19°C on an average throughout the year. Result is: it cools down the room in summer where as it heats up the room in winter.

The Objective of the building is the promotion and development of Renewable Energy and to study and research different technologies for the sustainable development. Currently, the CES building is being used as a living laboratory for research students and to demonstrate sites in the application and development of Renewable Energy Technologies.

The Emperor Hotel in Beijing

By Haoyang Li

The Hotel is located in the eastern suburbs of Beijing , 30 minutes ' drive from Tiananmen Square , the hotel's surface are the three statues of old idol of China. Which idols means happiness, prosperity and longevity. The building is 41.6 meters high. 

The hotel is totally Ten storey high, all structure and rooms are hidden in the  " body ". Double glass doors on the left foot position is the main entrance of the hotel. There is single aisle and one side rooms in the "body". The standard rooms is smaller than other hotel's but have all the facilities. Standard room is under eight storey and the ninth floor is Presidential suite. The peach in the hand of statues is also a room. 
When this hotel come out, it become the most ugly building in the whole China. 
The idea of this building is come from the developer.  One of the management says they found the idea from the poster to celebrate the spring festival. They think these three idols will bring them good fortune and great business. 
Some farmers from the interview says the building is good. They believe the idols will really bring the fortune. But almost all the rest people believe it is ugly. 
All the design is base on the surface of the idols. So some rooms are really strange from the inside to fit some curve part of exterior space. It can be say the building is nothing good beside the ugly surface. 





Post-Semester

By Nick Bosman

Finally, the final presentations are over and everything is turned in and graded. Although I would like to get other things done, I have a lot less pressure on them. Now I get to take a bit of a break although I do have things to do, like my resume or thesis preparation. I plan to take a trip after Christmas to Florida and I hope to get a tour of the Marlin’s Park in Miami. That happens to be my number one case study for my thesis project, which is a baseball stadium for Montreal. Hopefully I can talk them into giving me a peak at the parts of the stadium that guests do not normally get to visit.
            It’s getting closer and closer to the point where my career starts and the academic part ends. Well, I will always be learning, but I will have a degree. I have been online looking at openings all over just to get an idea of what is looking for what. Who knows, maybe while I am in Florida, I can ask around and see if they will be needing some fresh new graduates in any offices. I haven’t given much thought as to where I want to end up. I mean, I have thought of all of the possibilities but I really haven’t decided where I WANT to end up.
            Now that I am done with two semesters, the realizations that I have but two semesters left of my time at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. I am ok with it, but I will miss the college life but I am glad to get away from it and start fresh somewhere.
            I am excited to start making my thesis the main part of my schooling. I thought that when I started Graduate school I would be working on my thesis but that was not the case. But now, next semester, my thesis will start getting developed more and more. I think it will be a lot more fun than the hotel project. I mean, it is a stadium. How cool is that? Once I get a better understanding of what goes into the design of one, I will feel better about my ability to make it stand above the rest.
            Until then, however, I have a book on stadium design that I intend on reading to get that better understanding. It will be a nice thing to do while I am in the Sunshine State.

Wednesday, December 17, 2014

Thesis | Chapter 3

By Sean Williamson

Well, the end of the semester is here. Where did the time go!? I have been unbelievably busy with work from all of my classes. I have been working on chapter 3 within my thesis. Recently. Within this chapter, we discuss methodology, site analysis, and provide a building program for the proposed structure. So I thought this would be the perfect topic to discuss in today’s blog!

The methodology incorporated into this thesis will review case studies, simulation, & experimental methods. Successful design elements taken from previously reviewed case studies will be incorporated into the design of this hurricane resistant mixed-use structure. Simulation will occur as I begin to develop the structure within the BIM program Revit. Experimental methods will be a very important part of this project because, after all, this building is supposed to be hurricane resistant. After the structure is designed, a series of high speed wind tests will be conducted on the structure, testing its limits.


There will be 3 categories of building found within the mixed-use building. The 1st & 2nd level will contain retail space with a food court. Parking for the residents within the tower will be found on the 3rd-5th floors, with 1 & 2 bedroom residential apartments above.

#
Space
Size
(SF)
Qty
Total SF
Notes
1
Retail Space
              Storage
2400
800
12
12
28,800
9,600
Located on 1st & 2nd Floor
2
Food
              Kitchen
              Food Service Area
              Sitting Area

600
200
2,500

4
4
1

2,400
800
2,500
Small Food Court



3
Mechanical
141,289
2
282,579

4
Apartments
              1 Bedroom
              2 Bedroom

1,400
2,300

75
200

105,000
460,000
Passive Heating / Cooling
5
Parking
300
200
60,000
3rd – 5th Floor
6
Shipping & Receiving
              Loading Dock
              Receiving

500
2,000

1
1

500
2,000

8
Building Storage
400
4
1,600

9
Janitors Closet
100
4
400

10
Elevators
              Passenger Elevator
              Freight Elevator

150
100

4
1

600
100

11
Public Toilet Rooms
300
4
1,200

13
Workout Room
800
1
800

14
Pool/ Spa Area
3,000
1
3,300

15
Entry Vestibule
200
2
400

16
Lobby
1,000
1
1,000
High Ceilings. Natural Light
17
Administration
              Managers Office
              Reception / Waiting
              Employee Workstation
              Filing / Storage
              Toilet Room

300
400
80
100
90

1
1
8
1
1

300
600
640
100
90

With View
With View


Unisex

Program Square Footage: 1,224,509 Square Feet

Circulation: 30% of 1,224,509 = 367,352 Square Feet

Total Building Square Footage: 1,591,861 Square Feet

Weird Building in China-- Shenyang Fangyuan building

By Haoyang Li

Shenyang Fangyuan building is an architectural style of ancient coins used as office space , the building area of ​​48,000 square meters, building height of 99.75 meters , a total of 24 storeys. Has been selected by CNN in January 2012 named the world's top ten ugliest buildi  Shenyang Fangyuan building is located in Shenyang CBD, design by Taiwan Li Zuyuan Architects (CY Lee & Partners), gross area is 5,580 square meters, with a total construction area of ​​48,000 square meters, building height of 99.75 meters, a total of 24 floors, 22 storeys above ground and 2 underground. Wall structure is reinforced concrete frame. Outdoor decoration with natural granite, using low-E tempered LOW-E insulating glass. It is a mix-used includes international finance, trade, business and office.

House’s facade is mimicking the ancient China coin ‘s shape, Indicates that building owners plenty of money settled, career developed.
            This is not the first building that mimics the real things. There are also have two interesting buildings show the “imagination” of Architect. One is Wuliangye Building, other one is Daohuaxiang Building.
            Building mimicking the real stuff means it fit people’ (or owner’s) value. Bottle of liquor is ok, it show what they company do. But the coin is complex.
            Be rich is a good stuff to greeting others. It is already become a culture in contemporary China. Follow the “culture” it is not hard to figure out why this building come out. Everyone likes money, and everybody looking for the money. It is because of the poor in past 30 years. From 10 ago some people get rich, who got money that can get the power. That give shows to normal people money is important. It is obviously what going on then, everyone try his or her best to get money. And Fangyuan Building comes out.




Source:

Fig1: https://www.flickr.com/photos/derekharkness/2966970224/sizes/z/
Fig2: http://image65.360doc.com/DownloadImg/2013/10/1612/36021091_1.jpg,




Tour of the city: Patan

By Sabin Chakradhar

Patan city is one of my favourite cities in Kathmandu valley. In today’s blog I am going to discuss about some key features of this city. Patan is also known as Lalitpur, which means City of Beauty. The Newari name of this city is “Yala” which bears resemblance to the name of the first Kirati King Yalamber.
Patan is said to have established during the Lichhavi Period and the Manga Hiti (water spout) which dates back to 590 AD supports the fact. This hiti has an effective water supply system, which led to the expansion and development of the city. There are many other water spouts in the city dating back to Lichhavi period, but most of them has dried long ago. One of them is the Golden water spout, which lies at a higher level than other water spouts and is in good condition till date. The four corners of the city are marked by stupas, which dates back to 250 BC and are said to have been erected by Emperor Ashoka. The largest and most ornamented of these four stupa is on the Northern side, commonly known as stupa of Sankhamul.
As we explore this city, we find many temples and idols belonging to the Hindus and many more devoted to Buddhism. As we reach any junction of the city first idol we see is the Ganesh (1st god to be worshipped according to mythology) Temple. This temple is an integral part of the Newari community be it Hindu or Buddhist. Also another interesting part about this city is the courtyards. These courtyards are accessed through alleys in the street and one courtyard opens up to another smaller courtyard belonging to individual families termed as Nani.
Patan has many temples and idols; all built in different centuries and carries their distinct architecture and charm. The Patan Durbar Square is one of the exquisite beauties of the city. This square was laid in the Lichhavi period but was developed during the reign of King Siddhinarsingha Malla. This rectangular square has its longer axis running North- South with the palace in the eastern sides of the square which is now used as a museum and diversely styled continuous row of temples on the western side. Apart from the architecture in the durbar square Patan has many other temples and Vihars around its precinct.
Vihars or monasteries are the Buddhist institution for learning, back in the old days. The Bhaskar Varna Mahavihar is the largest bahal in patan and was built in the Kirat period, but most of the shrines date back to to Lichhavi period. Nagbahal is another bahal just next to Bhaskar Varna Mahabihar and inherits a stone water spout making it a unique Bahal. The Golden temple, Hiranya Varna mahabihar, built in the 12th century has three storeyed golden pagodas, where the upper storey hosts the golden image of Lord Buddha and a large prayer wheel. Maha Boudha, is popularly known as the 1000 buddha Temple, built in Shikhara Style. This temple is covered with terra cotta tiles, each tiles carved with the image of Lord Buddha. The architecture of this temple is similar to the Mahaboudha temple at Boudhgaya in India where Buddha gained enlightenment.
All of these vihars, temples, Hitis and the traditional Newari buildings dating back to various centuries makes the city of Patan a historical place and visiting a place as such, rolls one back to the ancient culture and history.



Pic 1
Caption: Mahabuddha Temple, also known as "temple of thousand buddhas"



Pic 2
Caption: Patan Durbar Square