Monday, December 9, 2013

Thesis Research- Egyptian Slums

By Mazen Metwaly

Ezbet Bekhit is another typical neighborhood in Manshiet Nasser. The average income is 50 dollars and the average gross floor space per person is 6.2 square meters. You will be lucky to have a cook stove or a bed, although few do. There is little light or electricity and even less drinkable water. Moreover, officials said the attitude to the slums is summed up by a response to some in a better area complaining about no drinking water. "Hussein Fadl, vice chairman of the municipal water department in Cairo’s Giza district, says such an expansion is planned, but delivery of the treated water will remain a problem. As a stopgap measure for Saft al-Laban, the neighborhood will be temporarily connected to adjacent districts by sets of new pipes by November." “You won’t hear them crying after that,” said Fadl. “These neighborhoods grew up by themselves, like cancer cells, and we are trying to keep up.”
50 percent to 75 percent of the urban housing stock in Egypt suffers from market constraints according to conservative estimates. This causing very market weakness with making people not wanting to move to the new projects and stay in he slum areas since its easier and closer to the city. In 2005, the government announced several different plans of how to make those new units more active and attract people to them. First, by launching a housing finance system, reforming the land and property registration system, formulating an improved property tax law and a unified building code, implementing a new rental law, and finally, expanding the variety of affordable housing typologies offered under social housing programs. But also improving the mechanics of targeting, subsidy and delivery.

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