By Bhakti Shah
In this article, I would like to introduce you with my thesis topic.
The idea of analyzing & preserving the vernacular architectural style in relation with the behavioral responses to the contemporary architecture and globalization within the limitation of the Indian context will be put forward through my thesis. This will reveal traditional response to place and climate to broaden these symbolic identities into a new form with the current trends in the urban fabric. This notion will be further discussed and developed in the form of a proposal for sustainable design solution preserving the vernacular style of Indian architecture.
The impact of globalization and western architectural style in the building industry of India made some negative impact with respect to climate and context which is also responsible to increase in the consumption of energy & ultimate building costs. To study this impact in relation with the critical regionalism and contemporary vernacular setting is important. Each region has its own historical background, culture and identity. Globalization is affecting this identity and attracting it towards homogenization through different mediums such as technological development, communications & cultural exchange. This revolution is turning into loosing the character of the place.
Adaption of western style in aesthetic does not fulfill the psychological needs of space of human beings. Due to this we are losing valuable indigenous design solutions. In the end it disturbs the physical balance of the mankind and environment. Use of traditional techniques of planning and renewable energy practices will create attractive living spaces with open, naturally lit and fresh air movement. Solar passive or climatic design creates a comfortable living which will reduce operating costs of a building just by applying logically design principles. How we can preserve our indigenous design solutions and why it important? This is described in this paper with the study of critical regionalism and contemporary vernacular architecture. The framework of this study also contains the study of works of architects who have succeeded in implementing Indian historic past into present keeping the same pace with the rapid development in the field.
Conclusion of this study will be developed in the form of a design solution which is a step towards creating a healthy livable habitat for the current and future generations. India is currently facing housing need and different concepts are putting forward to make it fulfilled. Integrated Townships are amongst one which is going popular and implemented along with Eco housing concepts. Design will cater the residential facilities and necessary commercial, recreational, educational and amenities for the community with an environment where the in between connection plays important role in the urban fabric. Study and design solution will be composed to focus on fulfilling the residential need and to revitalize the city’s architectural character and making it ecofriendly using traditional and vernacular techniques.
This Integrated Township Development for affordable community will be proposed within the urban fabric of the city Pune in India balancing the social, cultural, traditional and environmental values.