Monday, April 4, 2011

Mandapa Structure

By Vincenzo Burdi

In Architectural History III, our class was asked to research a non-western structure and prepare a presentation. There are many interesting structural elements deep within Indian Architecture. I was fortunate enough to come across what is known as a mandapa. A mandapa is a pillared outdoor hall or pavilion structure primarily used for religious dancing and music. A large temple would have many mandapas. When a temple has more than one mandapa, they are given different names. For example, a mandapa dedicated to divine marriage is referred to as a kalyana mandapa. It is a structure within which a Hindu wedding is performed, which is decorated with flowers to celebrate the importance of the occasion. The Bride & Groom encircle a holy fire lit by the officiating priest in the center of the Mandapa.

• Spatial Planning: Open Air Colonnade Structure – Open to public, Outdoor Activity.
• Material Selection: Brick, Wood, Stone, Granite, and Terracotta.
• Decoration: Linens surround entrances, Flowers are used to signify importance.
• Flooring: Granite, often reflective surface and smooth in order to allow for dancing.
• Column: Often wide and short in order to support heavy roof material.
• Central Area: Pit, Fire-sacrifice. Sacred Fire witness Agni fire-deity.
• Details: Intricate Carvings depict the presence of Hindu deities.

Kambadahalli Ganga Mandapa


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